.....(Hal-ku-dhigyo Dhaxal-gal Noqday) = ..... President, C/raxmaan A. Cali: ''Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland dib ayay ula soo Noqotay Qaran-nimadeedii sidaa awgeed, waa dal xor ah oo gooni u taagan maanta (18/05/1991) laga bilaabo''...>>>>> President, Maxamad I.Cigaal:''Jiritaanka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland'' Waa mid waafaqsan xeerasha u-degsan Caalamka! Sidaa darteed, waa Qaran xaq u leh in Aduunku aqoonsado''...>>>>> President, Daahir R. Kaahin: ''Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland waa dal diimuqraadi ah oo caalamka ka sugaya Ictiraafkiisa''...>>>>> President, Axmed M. Siilaanyo: ''Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, Boqol sano haday ku qaadanayso helista Ictiraafkeedu way Sugaysaa! Mar dambena la midoobi mayso Somalia-Italia''.....[***** Ha Jirto J.Somaliland Oo Ha Joogto Waligeed *****].....

Thursday, June 7, 2012

Ethiopia: Powering ahead 
with a strategy

''Ethiopia aims to become the France of Africa, exporting energy across the region, and hopes to become an oil producer also''. Honoré

- If energy exports between Sudan and Ethiopia get past some initial teething problems, the interconnection between the two countries – financed to the tune of $41m by the World Bank – will mark the second phase of what Ethiopia plans to be a major electricity export industry.

Ethiopia already supplies 35MW to Djibouti, for which it receives $1.5m a month, and hopes to extend this to Egypt, Kenya, Uganda, and South Sudan. Work is underway to electrify villages across the border in Somaliland, while an agreement to supply Kenya with power has been agreed in principle.

However, initial plans to export 100MW of electricity to Sudan have been scuppered by UN sanctions on the Iranian company responsible for installing three substations. Sudan is now scrambling to find alternative equipment, and Ethiopia's state electricity utility, Ethiopian Electrical Power Corporation (EEPCo) is looking for other suppliers, with Areva and Erickson in the picture.

Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir is reported to have told Ethiopia's ambassador in Khartoum that Sudan now supports Ethiopia's controversial 6,000MW Millennium Dam project. Although the African Development Bank and World Bank have backed away from financing the dam because of its environmental and social impacts, the Ethiopian ­government is pressing ahead, with around 15% already completed.

Relations with post-Mubarak Egypt have improved but further spats are to be expected. Egypt ­receives 95% of its water from the Nile and is hypersensitive about the use of the river's water. 


Not content with this massive hydropower investment, Ethiopia is also pursuing a wind strategy. This feeds into a modern decentralised distribution system, which avoids transmitting power over long distances to stranded populations and instead builds smaller generation capacity closer to those who need it. Wind power, uniquely scalable, fits the bill. 

Two projects are underway, one operated by the Chinese and the other by a Spanish company. The Adama wind farm of 34 turbines, producing around 50MW, is funded at 85% through the Chinese Exim Bank, with the rest through the Ethiopian government; Hydro China and the China Grains and Oil Group Corporation operate in tandem.

The wind farm should be ready in the middle of 2012. The larger Ashegoda project, in Tigray state, is being put together by Vigo, and will deliver 120MW by the end of 2013.

With Tullow striking oil across the border with Turkana, Ethiopia's energy prospects have become brighter still. It is thought that the South Omo blocks north of the Kenyan border share the same petroleum system, giving a boost to explorers such as Africa Oil and Agriterra, as well as domestic investors, including magnate Mohammed Al-Amoudi.

By Honoré Banda/ The Africa report

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