- The night pictures show a significant increase in light emissions from centres such as Garowe and Bosassoin the semi-autonomous Puntland region where most of the pirates are based. This suggests an increase in electricity consumption because of economic development, the study says. The report concludes that significant amounts of ransom money are spent in the regional centres, with the benefits being shared out between a large number of people due to the clan structures in place. "Puntland's political elites are therefore unlikely to move decisively against piracy," it says.
In addition to satellite images, the Chatham House report analysed information collected by non-governmental organisations on commodity prices and wages. Data from the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit suggests nominal daily wages in the pirate provinces of Nugal and Muduq "have caught up with and then overtaken non-pirate regions since the explosion of piracy in 2008," the study says. In Nugal province, the daily wage increased from 40,000 Somali shillings in 2005 to 120,000 in 2011 ($1 = 25,000 Somali shillings). "This is likely to reflect both direct employment opportunities and investments into local businesses."