.....(Hal-ku-dhigyo Dhaxal-gal Noqday) = ..... President, C/raxmaan A. Cali: ''Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland dib ayay ula soo Noqotay Qaran-nimadeedii sidaa awgeed, waa dal xor ah oo gooni u taagan maanta (18/05/1991) laga bilaabo''...>>>>> President, Maxamad I.Cigaal:''Jiritaanka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland'' Waa mid waafaqsan xeerasha u-degsan Caalamka! Sidaa darteed, waa Qaran xaq u leh in Aduunku aqoonsado''...>>>>> President, Daahir R. Kaahin: ''Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland waa dal diimuqraadi ah oo caalamka ka sugaya Ictiraafkiisa''...>>>>> President, Axmed M. Siilaanyo: ''Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, Boqol sano haday ku qaadanayso helista Ictiraafkeedu way Sugaysaa! Mar dambena la midoobi mayso Somalia-Italia''.....[***** Ha Jirto J.Somaliland Oo Ha Joogto Waligeed *****].....

Wednesday, October 31, 2012

As peace expands in Somalia, gov't wants weapons

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Should Somalia's fledgling government be allowed to import weapons to arm its nascent military? With areas under government control increasing and the threat from al-Shabab militants decreasing, that's the question being put to the U.N. Security Council.
The African Union this week appealed to the council to allow arms and other military equipment into the country to equip Somalia's military. It is a request being made as the international community begins to look at how long it will be before Somali troops can provide security on their own, allowing the departure of African Union troops, who have been in Somalia since 2007.
Somalia's ambassador to Kenya, Mohamed Ali Nur, said Wednesday that it is time to increase the capabilities of the country's military, after a year of military and political progress. The Islamist extremist rebels were pushed out of Mogadishu in August 2011, and over the last three months a new government has been installed.

A Complete History Of *Somaliland: Read it

- In the eyes of the world, 1991 was the year that the Somali Democratic Republic ceased to exist. The government fell and the state collapsed. Brutal civil war and famine seized the population. Hundreds of thousands of refugees fled the country. A decade of bloodshed, chaos and human suffering ensued, threatening that Somalia would enter the 21st century as a "black hole"[1] of despair.

1991 was also the year that Somaliland was reborn. Legitimate government was restored and statehood reclaimed, ushering in a period of healing, reconciliation, and growth. A decade of bloodshed, chaos and human suffering came to an end. Hundreds of thousands of refugees returned home. Somaliland looks forward to the 21st century with confidence and hope. Nearly a decade has passed since Somaliland embarked upon the path to recovery. The road has not been easy. In 1991, the long civil war had left the country physically devastated and socially scarred. Tens of thousands of people had been killed and hundreds of thousands displaced, their homes reduced to rubble, their property looted or destroyed, and their land sown with mines.

Somaliland: oil first, recognition later

- It’s not a country recognised by anyone other than its own government, but that doesn’t seem to phase three oil companies scaling up exploration in Somaliland. UK-listed Genel Energy and Ophir Energy, and Australia-listed Jacka Resources, are starting to explore for oil in earnest in the breakaway state, which declared independence from Somalia in 1991. “We are embarking on the largest and most significant exploration this country has seen since it became independent 21 years ago,” oil minister Hussein Abdi Dualeh told beyondbrics from an oil conference in South Africa, hopeful the first drilling will start in 2014 following seismic surveys this year. “They are starting in a major way – it’s going to be a massive year.”
The three explorers cover seven blocks between them and Dualeh insists they have nothing to fear from old claims on some of the blocks issued under the former Mogadishu administration before it collapsed. “The old companies from way back when Somalia was together have long gone. These contracts don’t last forever, they are long expired. I’m not worried they’ll have problems – I have no idea who had what,” says Dualeh. “We have had full control of the territory for 21 years.
Read more:

Somaliland to drill for oil by 2014

- Somaliland’s mining and energy minister, Hussein Abdi Dualeh has claimed that the internationally unrecognised state could see companies drilling for oil within its borders by 2014. At an African oil conference, Hussein said, “Last year we were seen as a frontier because nothing was happening. But now the biggest exploration activities in 21 years are about to start.”
As well as not being internationally recognised, Somaliland is a state routinely associated with lawlessness and piracy. The East African region however, is becoming something of a hotbed of oil and gas activity, with nearby Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique all reporting discoveries.
Dualeh echoed the growing optimism that industry attention has brought to the region: “In the oil business we don’t care about politics, but about geology. Wherever the geology is good, we’re here.”

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

S/land Convention in Los Angeles 2005 Part 1/4

Progressio joins international election observer mission in Somaliland

People waiting to vote in Somaliland 2010
- Progressio are joinging UCL's Development Planning Unit and Somaliland Focus to lead the international observation mission to Somaliland’s district and council elections scheduled for 28 November 2012. It is hoped that these elections will contribute to the ongoing building of a stable system of democracy in the Horn of Africa.
The three organisations have been invited by Somaliland’s National Electoral Commission (NEC) to act as coordinators of the international observation mission to the district and council elections in the internationally-unrecognised Republic of Somaliland. Voting has been set for 28 November 2012.
A pre-election assessment of the conditions for the local elections took place earlier this year.
The mission’s leaders will arrive in Hargeisa in early November, with the full team to be in place a fortnight before polling day. The mission will follow up with a post-poll interim report to the NEC and donors, with the final report to follow in early 2013.

Sheeko: Xamaamdii La Deristay Xukuumada

- Xamaamad ayaa xaruuntii xukuumadda buul ka samaysatay. Buulkii ayay beedkii dhigatay oo ku dilaacisay. Iyada oo ku faraxsan dhashii yaryard ee u dilaacday, ayay u qadhaab tagtaa. Wixii qadhaab ee ay soo hehso ayay halkaa ku siisaa. Waxaanay isla heshay cuno,  nabagelyo, iyo kalsooni; ilayn xaruuntii xukuumadda ayay la deristaye. Hasa yeeshee, waxaan la filayn ayaa ku dhacay xamaamddii. Iyada oo ka maqan dhasheedii oo u foof tagtay, ayaa waxa buulkii galay mas. Maskii dhashii oo dhan ayuu ka cunay. Markii ay ku soo noqotay buulkeedii iyadaoo qadhaab u sidda dhasheedii ayay midna weyday. Waxay aragtay baalashii yaryaraa ee ka dhacay markii masku mid mid u liqayay. Halkii ayay baroor ka qabsatay. Markii ay baroor kala gooyn weyday, ayaa xamaamad kale u timi si ay u dejiso. Waxay ku tidhi, “Inaad u baroorato dhashii aad weyday waa daw, hasa yeeshee, iska samir oo iska deg. Waxanaad ogaataa, dhal hore oo xamaamna sidaas ayaa mas u cunay; mid kale wuu cuni doonaa.”

“Waa runtaa,” ayay ku tidhi xamaamaddii dhasha laga cunay, “waxan se kuu sheegayaa in aanan dhashii mas iga cunay oo keliya ka murugaysnayn; ee aan ka murugaysanahy oo kale in lagu cuno dhashaydii xaruuntii xukuumadda ee dilka iyo dulmiga laga magansanayay!!!”
W/q: Prof. Cabdi-salaam Yaasiin

Bustling livestock trade boosts Somaliland's economy

"These sheep and goats are like petroleum for us," Ahmed Ali Nuur, governor of Gabiley, in Somaliland, told dpa''. Presse-Agentur
- Trading sheep, goats and camels is such big business in Somaliland that villagers describe livestock as the "barrels of oil" that drive the economy of the breakaway republic in the Horn of Africa. Thanks to recent security gains in central and southern Somalia, livestock revenues are increasingly seen as a financial boon that could help the rest of the country back on its feet after two decades of conflict.

"These sheep and goats are like petroleum for us," Ahmed Ali Nuur, governor of Gabiley, in Somaliland, told dpa. "Saudi Arabia sells barrels of oil to the world. We make our money selling livestock to Saudi Arabia." Somaliland, which is seeking full sovereignty, declared independence after the overthrow of Somali president Siad Barre in 1991. It has been more peaceful than other parts of Somalia, where African Union forces, Islamist militants and warlords are fighting for control.

Turkish energy giant eyes Somaliland with $1billion

- Turkey-based, London-listed Genel Energy continues with its aggressive growth with a fuel search license in Somaliland, a self-declared country. This comes after the company’s large investments in the Kurdistan Regional Government, another autonomy.
Genel Energy, an Ankara-based oil firm with vast investments in northern Iraq, announced yesterday that it has obtained an exploration license for Somaliland, the self-declared East African country not formally recognized by the international community.
“Because of its similarities with the geographical structure of the Arab peninsula, it is strongly predicted that Somaliland, a region Genel Energy prioritizes for its investment program, has important oil and coal assets,” Genel said in a press release on Oct. 29.
The company solidified its presence in northern Iraq with the acquisitions of the Bina Bawi and Miran fields this year.
$1 billion in cash

Monday, October 29, 2012

“Civil Aviation-Ka Cid Aqoonteeda Lehi Ma Joogto Wasaaradda Duulista Kamana Talin Karaan..

- Abiib Xadi Jaamac oo ah Khabiir aqoon durugsan u leh Qawaaniinta iyo Shuruucda Caalamiga ah ee lagu maamulo hawadda iyo Madaaradda dunida, isla markaana mudo ku dhaw 40 sano ka shaqaynayey arimahaas ayaa Madaxwaynaha Somaliland Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud (Siilaanyo) kula taliyey in talooyin laga waydiiyo Muwaadiniinta Cilmigaas bartey ee aqoonta u leh oo uu ka mid yahay. Khabiirkan ayaa waxa uu sidaas ku sheegay mar uu Xalay Xarunta Wargeyska Haatuf Waraysi khaas ah ku siiyey, kaas oo ku soo bandhigay inuu Civil Aviation-ka mudadii laga bilaabay gayiga Soomaalida ilaa imika uu ku shaqeeyo, kaas oo tilmaamay inaanay suurta gal ka noqonkarin dalka Somaliland in Hay’addaasi ay noqdaan Hay’add ka Madaxbanaan Dawladda.
Abiib Xadi Jaamac ayaa waxa uu ka dhawaajiyey inuu Madaarka Hargeysa ku arkay nin Kenyati ah oo aan aqoon u lahayn Cilmiga Sivil Aviation-ka, Sheegayna inaanay Wasaaradda Duulista iyo Hawada Joogin rag aqoon u leh Cilmigaas, kaas oo ku dooday inuu door ka ciyaaro in Da’yarta Somaliland loo diro dalalka dibada si Cilmiga lagu maamulo Hawada loo soo baro. Ugu horayna isaga oo Abiib arimahaas ka hadlaya, waxa uu hadalkiisa ku bilaabay “Waxaan ka mid ahay aqoon yahanadii Civil Aviation-ka min awalkii ilaa imika ka shaqayn jiray, waxaan ogahay inaanay Civil Aviation-ku noqon karaynin Hay’ad gaar loo leeyahay (Private Agency).

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Theresa May strips British passport from Muslim care worker who refused to join MI5

- A British citizen whose family believe he is being tortured by American secret agents has suddenly had all his rights as a UK national removed by the Home Secretary.
Mahdi Hashi – who MI5 once tried to recruit as a spy – has been deprived of his British passport, denied access to consular assistance and may never return to Britain. He is thought to be being held in an African prison.
Mohamed and Kaltun Hashi, the parents of the 23-year-old care worker from Camden, North London, became concerned for his safety after being tipped off that in the summer he had been taken to a prison in the African state of Djibouti while visiting neighbouring Somalia. The information was passed on by another prisoner who said Mr Hashi claimed he had been ‘mistreated’ and was being interrogated by men working for America. .
Read more:

Xildhibaan Sangal Oo Xukuumada Ku Eedeeyay In Ay minjo Xaabinayso Axsaabta Mucaaridka

''cuqaasha gobolkana waxaanu uga digaynaa inaanay ku dhex milmin axsaabta iyo kaambaynka doorashada..''. Xildhibaan Sangal
- Xildhibaan Ibraahim Axmed Xasan ''Sangal'' oo ka mid ah mudanayaasha golaha deegaanka degmada Gabiley, kana mid ah masuuliyiinta xisbiga UCID ayaa xukuumada Madaxweyne Axmed Maxamed Siilaanyo ku eedeeyay in faraglin ay ku hayso taageerayaashooda, isla markaana uga digay in xukuumadu faraglintaasi ka joojiso qabsoomida doorashada deegaanka.
Xildhibaan Ibraahin Sangal waxa kale oo uu uga digay Madaxdhaqameedyada gobolka Gabiley inay siyaasada iyo axsaabta ay ku dhex milmaan, uguna baaqay inay faraha kala naxaan murashaxiinta u taagan doorashada golaha deegaanka degmada Gabiley. Xildhibaan Sangal waxa uu sidaasi ku sheegay mar uu shalay nagu soo booqday xarunta Haatuf, isla markaana ka waramay arrimahaasi, ayaa ugu horayna waxa uu yidhi;

Saturday, October 27, 2012

Somaliland: The Kenyan Syndrome

''The following is a chapter from a book titled “Somaliland: The legacy of Non-Recognition” that I am currently writing. The daily indignities which Somalis suffer almost uniquely in Kenya have impelled me to preempt the book’s publication by offering this chapter for early release. It chronicles the untold misery the Kenyans inflict on the Somalis in their country on ordinary basis''. Ahmed I. Hassan

 The Kenyan perspective on Somalia and Somaliland is this: it is economics, stupid! A saying goes, “A disaster for some could be a benefit for others”. Most Somalilanders believe that what has been the bane for Somalis has been a boon for Kenyans.
With Somalia a thoroughly failed state and Somaliland as yet unrecognized nation, everyone who has anything to do Somaliland and Somalia has made Nairobi one’s base of operations. Almost all embassies in Nairobi are additionally their countries’ nonresident embassies in Somalia and Somaliland. Diplomats, who should have been stationed in Mogadishu or in Hargeisa, live in and work from Nairobi.

Read more:

Among Israelis, Romney Appears The Favorite

- Israelis view the American presidential election much the way they tend to view most issues: What does it mean for Israel?
And by a wide margin, Israelis seem to believe that Republican candidate Mitt Romney would be more attentive to Israel's interests than President Obama.
The Peace Index Poll, commissioned by Tel Aviv University and the Israel Democracy Institute, found that Romney was favored 2-to-1 by Israelis back in August.
Such pro-Romney sentiment is rare outside the U.S. A recent BBC poll of 21 countries found Obama favored in 20, with Romney taking only Pakistan.
Israel was not included in that survey, though, and Israelis are long used to being a prominent — if not the dominant — foreign policy topic in U.S. presidential campaigns.

Xildhibaano ka tirsan Aqalka Odeyaasha Ingiriiska Oo Ka Garaabay Qadiyada Somaliland

''Furitaanka xafiiska UK ee Hargyesa, waxaan u aragnaa mid isku soo dhoweynaya labada dal ee Uk iyo Somaliland''. Golaha Xil.
- Xildhibaano ka tirsan Aqalka Odeyaasha Ingiriiska ayaa cadeeyey in furitaanka xafiiska UK ee Hargeysa muujinayso talaabo loo qaaday sidii Somaliland madaxbanaani u heli lahayd. Aqalka Odeyaasha Ingiriiska oo shalay dood ka yeeshay talaabooyinka xukuumadda Ingiriisku u qaaday sidii loo yareyn budhcad badeedka, isla markaana loo xasilin lahaa dalalka jaarka ee Geeska Afrika iyo Carabta, ayaa xildhibaanda Baroness Nicholson oo ka tirsan aqalka Odeyaasha Ingiriisku sheegtay,
“Talaabooyinka xukuumada Ingiriisku u qaaday inay hogaamiso taageerada beesha caalamku ka geysanayso Soomaaliya iyo dib-u-soo-celinta xukuumad ay yeelato waan soo dhoweynaynaa. Sidoo kale furitaanka xafiiska UK ee Hargyesa, waxaan u arkaa mid soo dhoweyn leh, isla markaana ah talaabo loo qaaday aqoonsi buuxa sidii wadan. Sidoo kale, xildhibaan Richard luce, ayaa sheegay inaanay shacabka Somaliland doonayn midnimo dambe oo dhex marta Somaliya, waxaanu tallo u soo jeediyay madaxda Somaliland oo waxa uu yidhi; 


''Somalia is comprised of four main tribes. Throughout the reign of Ziad Bare the Isaaq tribe has been suppressed and segregated from Somalia. In 1988 Bare gave orders to annihilate the tribe, and his army began to bomb their cities and murder tribe members''. CGA
Background:- In 1960 Somalia declared independence as a union between provinces which until then had been colonies of Britain and Italy. In 1969 a military coup was led by the Chief of Staff Siad Barre. Barre abolished Somali democracy and led an Islamic communist regime in close partnership with the USSR, which sold him weapons to use against internal and external enemies. In 1977 Somalia declared war against Ethiopia in an attempt to conquer the Ogaden Desert where Somali nomads from the Ogaden clan (to which Barre’s mother belonged) lived.
Somalia was defeated. The defeat led to a massive economic crisis and one million refugees from the Ogaden Desert fled to Somali territory, mostly to northern Somalia where the Isaaq tribe dwelt. The relative stability of the Barre regime was undermined. In 1979, after two difficult years of crisis, Barre turned to the West and turned his back on the USSR which had supported him until then. The Barre regime began to crumble: members of his party began to plot against him, members of his tribe and other tribes which had been subject to discrimination began to oppose his regime, the opposition parties (from other tribes) established military forces, and a civil war began.

Uncovering Somaliland’s Troubled Past, October 2012: Forensic Anthropology & Human Rights

- Somaliland was a part of the former Republic of Somalia. For 21 years until his fall, the regime of Mohammed Siad Barre carried out massacres against the people of Somaliland. About 60,000 civilians were killed, thousands were victims of enforced disappearance, and 500,000 individuals were displaced before the declaration of independence, in 1991. Since its independence, Somaliland has managed to secure the political stability, economic and social development needed to investigate the atrocities committed in the past, through a War Crimes Investigation Commission of 6 members. The forensic field school in Hargeisa will help to determine the universe of missing people through a systematic approach, ante mortem data collection and research of mass and clandestine graves.
In this 4-weeks long field school, the participants will attend virtual and in situ workshops on the culture, society, religion and post-conflict issues of Somaliland. The field school will assist in training the staff of the War Crimes Investigation Commission of Somaliland in forensic investigation of human rights violations.
Read more;

Join the Somaliland Field School: Deadline is November 15!

Field School: Unearthing Evidence of Siyad Barre-era War Crimes in Somaliland
- This week the Peruvian Forensic Anthropology Team (EPAF - epafperu.org), in partnership with the government of the self-declared Republic of Somaliland, completed the first phase of an international forensic training program in Hargeisa, Somaliland. The Center for Justice and Accountability (CJA - cja.org) is a proud sponsor of this program, which will help determine the universe of missing people through a systematic approach, ante mortem data collection and research of mass and clandestine graves.
EPAF is accepting applications until November 15, 2012 to join the second phase of this project, which will run from February 5 to March 3, 2013.
Applicants from all disciplines are welcome: Participation in the field school represents a fundamental experience for anybody interested in post-conflict studies, peace studies, human rights, forensics, transitional justice, memory, gender, or any related subject.

Friday, October 26, 2012

US base in Djibouti hub of secret war

- A US military base in the impoverished African nation of Djibouti has served as the combat hub for the Obama administration’s expanding assassination drone missions against countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

US military forces have clandestinely transformed a remote former French military outpost, Camp Lemonnier, into “the busiest Predator drone base outside the Afghan war zone” to wage what it boasts as a “model war” of targeted-killing against a growing tide of anti-American groups in the Muslim world, which the US commonly describes as “terrorists,” according to a Washington Post article published on Friday.

“The Obama administration has gone to extraordinary lengths to conceal the legal and operational details of its targeted-killing program,” the report states, adding that US authorities determine in secret discussions the individuals to be targeted in America’s “perpetual war” against perceived affiliates of al-Qaeda.

Girls hope to change the world at spooky bake sale

- Girls for Change is selling spooky desserts at a Halloween Bake Sale on Sunday, October 28 in front of Anderson’s Bookshop, 123 W. Jefferson Ave. in downtown Naperville from noon to 4PM. Proceeds will extend across the globe to empower women in developing countries and the community is invited to help. Girls for Change is a non-profit organization started by a small group of Naperville North High School girls working to empower women in developing countries. Through microloans and education, the aim is to help women change their lives for the better. Members seek to make women the source of the change our world so badly needs. The group believes in the power of hope. Proceeds from the Bake Sale will benefit organizations such as Global Giving and Kiva that give women microloans or educational opportunities in impoverished countries.
The girls’ outreach mirrors efforts by much larger international agencies. Among the donations made thus far are: funds for vocational training for 100 women in Pakistan; a contribution to a maternity hospital in Somaliland to reduce infant and maternal mortality rates; monies for a global fund to advance women’s issues worldwide; and micro-financing for some women-run businesses. Girls for Change follows a mission to empower females in countries where they are otherwise oppressed. The participating students are convinced that that is the best hope for alleviating poverty.
For more information visit www.girlsforchange.net.

Boobe Yuusuf Ducaale Waxa Uu Galo Nin-kii Garanayaa Garan!

- Cid kasta oo danaynaysa ama inuun u lexe-jecla qabta qaranka Somaliland iyo horumarkiisa waxa ay u ahayd maalin aan la iloobi karin oo farxadeed, markii Md. Madaxwayne Axmed Siilaanyo uu u magacaabay muj, Boobe Yuusuf Ducaale inuu noqdo wasiirka wasaarada war-faafinta ee JSL!
Sababtu, wax kale ma ahayn ee waxa uu dadku xog-ogaal dhaw u ahaa laba arimood oo aad iskugu baahnaa, isna la'aa intii ay jirtay Somaliland oo u muuqday, aakhirataankii inay haatan isku yimaadeen oo ay is-heleen! Lbadaasi arimood oo kala ahaa;
1; Wasaarada warfaafinta, oo baahi daran u qabtay cid labadeeda lugood ee dhiiqada/dhiidhida galay ee ay ka nuuxsan wayday uga miciina oo aayar, kolba mid ka saara oo tabteeda iyo tayodeedaba leh!
2; Iyo xirfada, dal-jacaylka, daacadnimada, hawl-karnimada, aqoonta iyo waayo aragnimada karkaarada iyo gabiyadaba jabsatay ee uu Mujaahid Boobe Yuusuf Ducaale soo kasbaday intii uu dul-joogay ifkan.

Shortwave Central - ''Labels: Radio Hargaysa,


All times UTC * sign-on / sign-off*...'' Log edited for clarity

- 7120 kHz, Radio Hargaysa, 1310-1400* and *1501, Oct 25. Am now able to definitely confirm they have an English program, probably started in English at 1320, but I was unable to confirm English until 1328 with female announcer. After 1330, male announcer remains in English, 1336 announcement for the end of the program. Filler pop music played (not as Horn of Africa style) until 1340. English segment with an interval signal type music that I have heard before on their English audio streaming at their website.
At 1340 clearly switched over to what sounded like Somali language with local news (many mentions of “Somaliland”) and international news (several mentions of President “Obama”) to 1350, followed by Horn of Africa music. Station identification at 1359 for “Radio Hargaysa” (so no name change yet!). Signal began out poorly with intermittent interference from strong over-the-horizon radar and improved to almost fair by sign off. Another sign on noted at 1501 with Horn of Africa music. Signal weak. At 1504 a big boost to the audio output with reciting from the Qur’an (qira’ut).

NASA saw Tropical Storm Murjan making landfall on the Horn of Africa

- NASA's Aqua satellite watched from space as Somalia in the Horn of Africa experienced a landfalling tropical cyclone on Oct. 25.
On Oct. 25, NASA's Aqua satellite saw Tropical Storm Murjan begin to make landfall in eastern Somalia, just south of Cape Guardafui. Cape Guardafui is located in the northeastern Bari province and forms the geographical point of the Horn of Africa.
On Oct. 25, 2012 at 0720 UTC (3:20 a.m. EDT) the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument that flies aboard NASA's Aqua satellite captured a visible image of Tropical Storm Murjan's western half making landfall on the Horn of Africa while the eastern half of the storm was still over the Arabian Sea.
NASA's Aqua satellite also captured an infrared look at Tropical Storm Murjan as the storm continued moving inland. The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument aboard captured infrared imagery that showed about one-half of the tropical storm had moved over Cape Guardafui, Somalia.

Somaliland: Graves Tell No Tales

- Many years of holocaust denial has came to an end as “ERAF”; announced the result of their findings. “ERAF” is made up of a group of forensic experts; they carried out fossil analysis for the last couple of months. They searched dozens of mass graves in Hargeisa, Berbera and Burco.
They collected fossil samples. The results show children, women and elderly who were tied to together and shot discriminately. The news came as piece of good news to mothers who’s their loved ones disappeared and never turned up again. I have visited several families and quoted eyewitness accounts as the news got into the airwaves.
According to Somaliland genocide commission “nobody was safe” from a deliberate government campaign of terror. The government turned into killing machine. They say they have the names of 180,000 people killed or missing, they intends to give the UN Human Rights Council a dossier for investigation.
SHC has gathered testimony from Somalilanders who says husbands, sons and daughters have been forcibly abducted by government or pro-government forces.

Thursday, October 25, 2012

Madaxwaynaha Somaliland Oo Hambalyoda Ciida Carafo U-diray Dadka Reer Somaliland Iyo...

Hambalyo: Ciida-Carafo!
- Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Somaliland Md. Axmed M. Maxamuud (Siilaanyo) ayaa maanta dhambaal Hambalyo ah u diray guud ahaan dadka muslimka ah gaar ahaan-na, dadka reer Somaliland meel kasta oo ay joogaan dibad iyo gudo! Waxa madaxwaynuhu ilaahay uga rajeeyay Xujaajda gudanaysa Faralka inuu u aqbalo, walaaltinimadooda iyo is-ahaantoodana uu ilaahay wanaajiyo, qoraal ku saabsan hambalyadan oo ka soo baxay Madaxtooyada ayaa u dhigna sidan;
“Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Somaliland oo ku hadlaya magaciisa, magaca golayaasha kala duwan ee qaran, iyo guud ahaanba magaca shacbiga Somaliland, meel kasta oo ay joogaan wuxuu hambalyo iyo bogaadin ku saabsan munaasibada islaamiga ah ee Ciidal Odxada u dirayaa guud ahaanb islaamka gaar ahaana dadka reer Somaliland, waxana madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyada Somaliland Mudane, Axmed Siilaanyo uu illaahay ka rajeeyey in dadka islaamka ah ee taagan yoomal carafada cibaadadooda uu u aqbalo,  Muslimiintana wada jirkooda iyo nabadoodaba uu kor u qaad, shacabka Somaliland-na sanadkan kiisa kale uu ku gaadhsiiyo bash-bash iyo barwaaqo.” Aamiin

Vulnerable, Volatile Youth May Threaten Somalia’s Fragile Stability; Radicalization Felt Across Africa

- Over the past year, sustained military offensives by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeeping force and the Somali government may have dealt a devastating blow to al-Shabaab, the Al-Qaeda-linked militant group that had controlled much of southern Somalia since late 2008. Recent elections that brought educator and activist Hassan Sheikh Mohamud to power have even ushered in hope that Somalia, long-considered the world’s most failed state, might finally be on the path to peace.
However, until the country finds a way to integrate and empower a generation of Somalis that has known only conflict, experts warn Somalia will remain fertile ground for youth recruitment and radicalization by terrorist and criminal organizations. Young Somalis remain especially vulnerable to marginalization and exclusion, with severely limited access to education and employment. “The few who are being educated today may attend institutions that indoctrinate them into Islamic fundamentalism,” says the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Meanwhile, Somalia’s youth unemployment rate is an astounding 67 percent..
Read more:

Hees Wadani Ah '' Calanka-S/land''! Ya-salaam!

Encouraging Somalis to opt for science: ''Abdullahi Farah and John Bradford on a new initiative''

 ' The lack of visible role models within the community was also suggested as a challenge to enthusing younger Somalis into the sciences''. Bsa
- Earlier this year, a diverse group of around 60 gathered to discuss the aspirations and attainment opportunities in the sciences for their young people, especially those from the Somali community. In less than 12 years, this community in Bristol has grown rapidly to over 10,000 people, with a high proportion of young families. They have tended to settle in the more deprived areas of Bristol where most schools are struggling to raise children’s achievements.
A distinguishing feature of this community is that most have not arrived directly from Somalia but have travelled via other countries. This means that most Bristol Somalis are at least bilingual, and many are fluent in more than one language. Despite these apparent language skills, integration in the education system is a challenge and a lack of aspiration in the sciences in particular is of concern to community leaders.

Xajaaj Iyo Ninkii Reer Miyiga Ahaa: Sheeko

- Xajaaj Bin yuusuf Ath-Thaqafi waa nin taariikhda Islaamka caan ku ah. Noloshiisa wuxu ku bilaabay macalin Quraan. Waaxaanuu caan baxay markii uu ka mid noqday maamulkii reer Bini Ummaya. Waxa can ka dhigay isaga oo noqday: taliya ciidan oo hogaan adag oo habaysan leh, naxariis la’aan, dad dilnimo, iyo dulmi. Inkasta oo dhincayo wanaagsan lahaa, sida Quraanka oo uu amaray in xarkada lagu qoro, hadana magaciisu wuxu la macana noqday dil iyo dulmi.

Sheekooyinkiisa, oo aan dhowr idiin soo tebindoono, waxa ka mid ah in uu isaga oo xajka ku socoda la kulmay nin reer miyi ah oo isna xajaya oo ku dhawaaqaya, “labayka laahum labayk.” Askartiisii qaar ka mid ah ayuu u yeedhay oo ku yidhi, “Markuu ninkaa reer miyiga ahi talbiyadda dhaymaysto, soo kaxeeya oo ii keena.” Markuu ninkii reer miyiga ahaa talbiyaddii dhameeyay, ayay askarti soo kaxaysay oo u keentay Xajaaj.

Sheekadan ayaa dhexmartay Xajaaj iyo ninkii reer miyiga ahaa. Xajaaj: Xageed ka timid? Ninkii: Meel dheer. Xajaaj: Meesha dheeri waa xagee? Ninkii: Waa Ciraaq. Xajaaj: Ciraaq ka xagee? Ninkii: Magaaladii Xajaaj. Xajaaj: Bal Xajaaj ka waran? Ninkii: Waa Fircoonkii reer Binii Israa’iil oo kale. Waa dilaa carruurta laaya; dumarkana dhiba. Xajaaj: Imika xagee ku suganyahay? Ninkii: Xajkii ayuu qabtay. Xajaaj: Yuu Xukunkii kaga sii tegay?

Kenya to open Embassies in Somaliland and ...

ANTHONY OMUYA Foreign Affairs minister Sam Ongeri (right) with the director, Kenya Association of Manufacturers, Mr Bharat Shah, during a meeting with leaders of the private sector to discuss issues affecting bilateral trade and investment. The meeting was held at Serena Hotel, Nairobi, on October 24, 2012. NATION MEDIA GROUP
- Kenya is planning to open embassies in at least six Africa countries in an effort to deepen economic diplomacy on continent.
Foreign Affairs Permanent Secretary Thuita Mwangi on Wednesday told the Nation that the government was planning new diplomatic missions in Ghana, Algeria, Morocco and Angola.
An embassy in Senegal will serve as a key entry point for Kenyan commerce into Francophone West Africa while a mission will also be established specifically for the eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
At the same time, the Kenyan embassy to Somalia, currently based in Nairobi, will be moved to Mogadishu while a separate mission will be sent to Hergeisa in Somaliland.

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Turkey offers university education to another 300 Somalis

- A total of 300 Somali students, selected based on test scores, have been granted full scholarships at Turkish universities by the Turkish government, with 200 of them having already arrived in the country. Ten of the students will undertake doctoral degrees, 150 will study in graduate programs and the remaining 140 will study in undergraduate programs in Turkey.

 The Turkish ambassador to Somalia, Cemalettin Kani Torun, spoke at the Aden Adde International Airport in Mogadishu as the 200 students embarked for Ankara, from where they will travel to various universities across Turkey.

He said that the remaining 100 students would soon be sent to Turkey. “Knowledge is the only instrument the Somali community needs to develop. And Turkey will always give support in the social and political fields to this end,” the ambassador said.

Somaliland journalist Ahmed Farah Ilyas killed

- A journalist in the breakaway republic of Somaliland has been killed by gunmen as he returned home from work. Ahmed Farah Ilyas was a reporter in Las Anod, the main city of the volatile Sool region, for UK-based Somali station Universal TV.
Before he was shot, he had been covering the story of a land mine explosion blamed by the authorities on al-Qaeda-aligned Islamist militants. Ilyas is the 16th journalist to be killed in Somalia this year. Since the overthrow of President Siad Barre in 1991, Somalia has seen clan-based warlords, Islamist militants and its neighbours all battling for control of the country.
Somaliland declared independence in the wake of Mr Barre's ousting - and has been a a far more peaceful part of Somali territory, although Sool is in an area also claimed by the autonomous Somali state of Puntland and has experienced some unrest.

Somaliya Oo Talyaani-goodii U Soo Noqday

- Madaxweynaha Somaliya, Xasan Shiikh Maxamuud, ayaa ku tilmaamay booqashada Wasiirka Arrimaha Dibedda Talyaaniga, Giulio Terzi ee Muqdisho inay tahay bilowga soo nooleynta xidhiidhka labada dal ee Talyaaniga iyo Somalia. Madaxweynaha ayaa wafdiga wasiirka arrimaha dibedda ku qaabilay magaalada Muqdisho. Kulanka kadib ayaa Madaxweynaha iyo Wasiirka Arrimaha Dibedda Talyaanigu ay la hadleen saxaafadda. Madaxweyne Xasan Shiikh ayaa waxa uu sheegay in uu rajaynayo in dadka Somaliya ay arki doonaan dowladda iyo dadka Talyaaniga oo nala qeybsanaya hawsha baaxadda leh ee dib u dhiska dalka.

Wasiirka Arrimaha Dibedda ee Talyaaniga, Giulio Terzi ayaa isna sheegay in uu Madaxweynaha u xaqiijiyay sida dhabta ah ee ay dowladdiisa uga go'an tahay xidhiidhkii iskaashiga labada dal oo la soo nooleeyo isla markaasna Somalia loo gaadhsiin hor-u-markii ka baaqday ilaa iyo lixdankii. Wafdiga Wasiirka Arrimaha Dibedda ee Talyaaniga, Giulio Terzi ayaa ah kii ugu sareeyay ee ka socda dowladda Talyaaniga ee booqasho ku yimaada caasimadda Somaliya ee Muqdisho muddo ka badan labaatan sano oo ay burbursanayd.
- Somalilandpatriots/Media

Fu’aad Aadan Cade Oo Qiray In Xagla-Toosiye Ka Saamayn Badan Yahay Siyaasiyiintooda Waaweyn,

''Waar adeerow ma cid aan la dilin ayaa jirta, Baroortan Isaaq ee maalin walba joogta ee Xabaalaha la soo qodayo AYAAN NACAY''. Fuad Adan Cade
- La taliyaha Madaxwaynaha Somaliland ee arimaha bariga Fu’aad Aadan Cadde ayaa sheegay in Wasiirka cusub ee dib u dajinta Saleebaan Xaglo-toosiye inuu ka saamayn batay dhamaan siyaasiyiintii waawaynaa ee uu ka midka yahay ee xilalka ka soo qabtay dalka, kaas oo tilmaamay inuu mansabkaas ku muteystay ka dib markii uu xukuumadda kula gorgortamay in la fuliyo shuruudo hore iyaga loogu diiday oo ay ka mid yihiin dib u soo qaadidii Ciidamada Qaranka iyo Maxaabiistii dagaalada lagu soo qabtey ee la sii daayey, isla markaana Halyey qaran ku sifeeyey Wasiir Xaglo-toosiye.
Fu’aad Aadan Cadde waxa uu sidaas ku sheegay Waraysi khaas ah oo khadka telefoonka ku siiyey xalay Wargeyska Haatuf isaga oo ku sugan Degmadda Xudun ee gobolka Sool, kaas oo uu kaga waramay arimo badan oo ay ka mid yihiin xaaladda deegaanada gobolka Sool iyo Buuhoodle, kaas oo sheegay inaanay wali dadka reer Somaliland iyo xukuumadihii u kala danbeeyey-toona aanay wali wadadii u wanaagsanayd Qaranimada dalka aanay marin.

A look inside Somaliland’s vital money transfer system

- Years ago, as a student working a summer job in Moscow, I came to the stark realization that I didn’t have enough money in my account to move into my summer digs. With no small amount of embarrassment, I called home to my parents and asked if they would send cash to help me cover my security deposit and initial rent payment until I received my first paycheck. Sure enough, the next day I found cash waiting for me in my bank account.
I forgot this entire experience until I travelled to Hargeisa, a city in Somaliland that might be appropriately called the remittance capital of the world. Of course, Somalilanders don’t receive money transfers just to cover a month’s rent until the next paycheck comes in. For many families, money transfers are the next paycheck.
Somalis in Minneapolis, London, Nairobi, Dubai, and all over the world send money to their relatives, friends and their broader kin in Somaliland, and in Somalia, to cover everything from basic needs like food and shelter to investments in small businesses.

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

Climate variability and conflict risk in East Africa measured by Boulder team

- While a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder shows the risk of human conflict in East Africa increases somewhat with hotter temperatures and drops a bit with higher precipitation, it concludes that socioeconomic, political and geographic factors play a much more substantial role than climate change. According to CU-Boulder geography Professor John O'Loughlin, the new CU-Boulder study undertaken with the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder is an attempt to clarify the often-contradictory debate on whether climate change is affecting armed conflicts in Africa. "We wanted to get beyond the specific idea and hype of climate wars," he said. "The idea was to bring together a team perspective to see if changes in rainfall and temperature led to more conflict in vulnerable areas of East Africa."
The research team examined extensive climate datasets from nine countries in East Africa, including the Horn of Africa, between 1990 and 2009: Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania and Uganda. The team also used a dataset containing more than 16,000 violent conflicts in those countries during that time period, parsing out more specific information on conflict location and under what type of political, social, economic and geographic conditions each incident took place.

Djibouti plans 100% shift to renewable energy by 2020

His Excellency President Guelleh.
''Djibouti is pleased to benefit from the experience and expertise of the UAE''.His Excellency Ismail Omar Guelleh
- His Excellency Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of Djibouti, applauded the preparations for the World Energy Forum 2012 that opened in Dubai. He said the UAE has once again excelled itself in hosting high-profile global forums and extending crucial support to an event that explores long-term energy conservation objectives and solutions.
His Excellency President Guelleh's comments came at the World Energy Forum, which is being held for the first time outside the headquarters of the United Nations. The event will run until 24 October at the Dubai International Convention Centre. President Guelleh revealed Djibouti's plans to switch completely to clean and renewable energy by 2020, dispensing all conventional energy sources. He said the move will not only support Djibouti's sustainable development plans, but also put the country on the world map for its pioneering efforts.

USA: Dahabshiil Works with Diaspora Community to Raise $100,000 for Somali Relief Campaign

- Dahabshiil has helped raise $100,000 to provide health care, clean water and employment opportunities in Somalia as part of a diaspora-led campaign in the US.
Led by former 1500-metre World Champion, Abdi Bile, Minnesotans undertook a three-mile sponsored run in the 193-acre Minnehaha Park in Minneapolis. The run, dubbed 'Run to Unite' was part of the I AM A STAR campaign - a sustained redevelopment drive to aid Somalia in its recovery following two decades of violence, displacement and hardship.
Run to Unite set out to build the world's longest paper chain for Somalia. For each dollar donated, a link was added to the chain - with each dollar then matched by Dahabshiil. The chain, a symbol of hope for Somalia's recovery, was also used to determine the eventual length of the sponsored run - as fundraisers urged the diaspora community to help provide an essential lifeline for families in Somalia.

Will a Muslim pick our next president?

''Ultimately, the 2012 election could be decided by the Muslim vote after all. With both candidates holding razor thin margins over one another in different swing states..'' NEWS CONSORTIUM.
LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Many Americans assume Muslims are anti-Republican and pro-Obama. However this is not always the case. In 2000, many more Muslims voted for Bush than Al Gore. Although after the war in Iraq, Muslims did flock to the Democrats with ninety percent voting for Kerry and similar numbers for Obama in 2008.
What should be understood is that Muslims are swing voters, and diverse. While many Americans tend to stereotype the group, many American Muslims are modern, cosmopolitan, and politically savvy. Muslim support for Obama has also waned with the economy. However, Mitt Romney with his hawkish stance on issues in the Middle East does not seem to be making many gains with the demographic either.

Fears of new Tora Bora in northern Somalia: Shebab bolster mountain bases

- Somalia's Al-Qaeda linked Shebab insurgents are on the back foot, reeling from a string of losses as they battle a 17,000-strong African Union force as well as Ethiopian troops and Somali forces.
But while the extremist movement is badly damaged a hard core remain a potent threat, linking up with regional Islamist groups and leaving operatives to launch attacks across the south, analysts warn. And, like Afghanistan's Taliban fighters who retreated to the rugged Tora Bora mountains to lick their wounds and later regroup in strength, the fighters are pulling back to their own mountain bases in the northern Galgala region.
The Shebab, who were long active mainly in southern and central Somalia, have increasingly switched to guerrilla tactics after abandoning fixed positions in the war-torn capital Mogadishu last year. But as the fighters flee a series of once powerful strongholds -- including most recently the strategic and lucrative southern port of Kismayo -- Galgala in the northern Golis mountains has provided refuge.

Monday, October 22, 2012

Somalia and Somaliland: The Way Forward

- Arguably the most difficult problem facing the new government in Somalia will be the unity of the Somali Republic. The Republic of Somaliland (northwest Somalia) declared its independence in 1991 and a significant majority of Somalilanders now support independent statehood. The Republic of Somaliland has yet to gain international recognition, however, and the vast majority of southern Somalis oppose Somaliland’s independence.
I am not for or against Somaliland gaining independence, but I definitely support the self determination of the people of Somaliland who had a lasting peace and development for the last 21 years. I’m not from Somaliland, nor is my family, but my people in Somalia and indeed Horn of Africans have so much to learn from Somaliland and its democratic progress.
In June of this year, the president of Somalia’s former Transitional Federal Government, popularly known as TFG, Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed and Somaliland’s president Ahmed Silanyo held their formal talks in Dubai, UAE, the first since Somaliland broke away more than two decades ago.

Success Uncertain for European Training Effort

Master Sergeant Ralph Westermann provides training to a Somali recruit: The...
- German soldiers are participating in a European Union mission in Uganda to train Somali soldiers to help bring peace to their wartorn nation. A visit to the camp shows just how difficult it is to turn raw recruits into loyal, effective fighters. Not even Brussels is convinced of the mission's usefulness. The German soldier is squatting in the Ugandan savanna as 30 pairs of eyes follow the felt-tipped pen in his hand. He is writing the most important commands onto a metal slate, once in English and once in Somali: "Attention" and "Fire."
His muscles twitch under the skin of his tattooed arms, and mosquitoes buzz around his shaved head. It's hot in the savannah, but dark thunderclouds are gathering on the horizon. "Let's go then," mumbles Ralph Westermann, a master sergeant in the Bundeswehr, Germany's armed forces. On this day, he will push the 30 men, all recruits from Somalia, on a patrol through the bush. He will drill it into them that they can't just spray random fire with their AK-47s. He'll tell them that it's often better to switch the lever to semiautomatic, aim and fire. The next 30 recruits will arrive tomorrow.
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On Harmonizing Somaliland’s Three Legal Systems: Necessary or a Red Herring?

- I was sitting at dinner with a potential client in May of 2008. ”We need to harmonize the three legal systems. You know, we have here in Somaliland the traditional system, the shariah system, and the courts. Each of which does their own thing and this is a problem for us.” I had been in Hargeisa only a couple of days when I first heard this lecture. I heard a similar version of the same lecture less than a month ago.
I didn’t really buy it in 2008 and I definitely didn’t buy in last month. But that is less important than the other question: why didn’t I buy it?. The short answer is that there are many reasons, including: there are bigger problems to tackle first and most countries have to deal with multiple sources of law. The real crux of my opinion is this: no legal system will be fully matured until it has developed a set of rules and criteria for dealing with conflicts of laws. So it does not matter one lick if those various legal systems are in tension with one another or are completely aligned, or exist somewhere in the middle of those extremes.
The state of the legal systems themselves is not the preeminent question. What matters more than the state of the legal systems themselves is how we deal with the legal systems. What are the rules for navigating the system? I have written a bit about this on our blog and I have written quite a bit about it for clients.

Sunday, October 21, 2012

Gaariye in Atlanta Part 1 of 11: Afka & Suugaanta

Somaliland - the place that combines hightech, on the edge financing solutions, and millenia old traditions

- Somaliland is a place full of contradictions. In a good way. It is a place made up of clans. It is not a recognised country (the other two bits are Somalia and Puntland), but it has its own administration, its own immigration, police force, army and currency. It seems to work. The clan structure is complicated, yet the rules are very clear. For more on this I recommend "Getting Somalia Wrong" by Mary Harper.

It could be seen as a start-up country, with plans still being implemented, amended and implemented again. During this process, the Somalis are extremely polite and welcoming. And aware. There are hardly any cars, yet when three cars and two donkey carts meet in a round-about, there will be traffic jam. Right hand steered cars on the right hand side. It is like Nairobi before the roads were widened, or the city in London before it banned cars. Not fully adjusted to modern day transport.
Yet, last year, 1.6 billion MUSD was transferred in a Dahabshiil, a money transfer set up with Somaliland as its hub. 1.6 billion MUSD, and most likely yet in its infancy as a business. It is one of a few.

Somaliland democracy is seriously ill

'' For the time being, I would suggest to the president and parliament to amend electoral laws so that it would suit the aforementioned suggestion..''. Prof, Abdi
- A once ruling party should be number two or three when in opposition. Then, how come such a party lacks resilience and not being able to regroup and recover from a defeat blow to sustain its existence, let alone to be second or third party in terms of popularity. This is beyond comprehension of anyone who is not fully aware of underlying causes. Something must be wrong in the first place. One might ask himself if Somaliland political parties are basically “one time use” platforms for attaining power.

Dissolution of Former ruling party, Udub, which is the eldest of all the parties, is wake up call for all of us. Somaliland democracy is seriously ill, in the sense that political parties themselves are not healthy enough to survive after losing power. The main reason, in my view, is that leaders of a political party do share nothing except the aim to grab power for personal gain, let alone rank and file members who give their loyalty to political figures of different parties just for being X tribe or Y tribe.


1. Introduction:
The Somaliland Non-state Actors (SONSAF) is a forum that brings together 63 umbrella civil society actors. The stakeholders include Somaliland non-state actors which consist of diverse sectors. SONSAF also works with a number of organizations including the national Electoral Commission (NEC), APD, Progressio, the committee for registration of political associations and approval of political parties (RAC).
SONSAF has been working in the democratization area for some time; it has undertaken research studies concerning electoral areas including a recent study on the obstacles that might hamper the forthcoming local council election. SONSAF is now seeking a highly experienced consultant to assist them in domestic election observation.
2. Description of assignment for the consultant:
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Wax Ku Qaado Waanadan; Prof, C/Salam Yasin

- Habiinkii “Laylatul Israa”, markii uu Rusulkeenu, Sala Laahu Calayhi Wa Salam, samada u dheelmaday isaga oo uu Malak Jibriil, Calayhi Salaam, la socdo, waxa la tusay dad wixii aduunkii ay ka shaqaysteen abaalkeedii la mariyay ka dib markii ay dhinteen.
Sida culimo ay ka mid yihiin Al-Bayhiqi iyo Ibn Jariir inoo soo gudbiyeen, aragtiyahaa Rasuulka, Sala Laahu Calayhi Wa Salam, la tusay ee uu inoosoo tebiyay, ujeedadeedu waxa weeye inaynu wax ku qaadano. Waa waano Ilaahay, Subxaanahu Wa Tacaalaa, ka timi oo uu inoo keenay Rasuulkii runta iyo raxmaddu (SLCWS). Bal Ilaahay haynagu anfaco eh, aan tusaalooyinkaa qaar ka soo qaadno.

Wuxu arkay dad dhagxan waawayn madaxa laga saarayo oo dhulka ku dhacaya. Hadana soo kacaya; hadana dhagaxii la saarayo; hadana dhulka ku dhacaya. Falkaasna lagu celcelinayo. Rasuulki (SLCWS) Jibriil ayuu weydiiyay oo ku yidhi, “Waa maxay dadkani?” Jibriil wuxu ku yidhi, “Waa dadkii aan tukan jirin; ee aan salaad foodda dhigin.”