.....(Hal-ku-dhigyo Dhaxal-gal Noqday) = ..... President, C/raxmaan A. Cali: ''Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland dib ayay ula soo Noqotay Qaran-nimadeedii sidaa awgeed, waa dal xor ah oo gooni u taagan maanta (18/05/1991) laga bilaabo''...>>>>> President, Maxamad I.Cigaal:''Jiritaanka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland'' Waa mid waafaqsan xeerasha u-degsan Caalamka! Sidaa darteed, waa Qaran xaq u leh in Aduunku aqoonsado''...>>>>> President, Daahir R. Kaahin: ''Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland waa dal diimuqraadi ah oo caalamka ka sugaya Ictiraafkiisa''...>>>>> President, Axmed M. Siilaanyo: ''Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, Boqol sano haday ku qaadanayso helista Ictiraafkeedu way Sugaysaa! Mar dambena la midoobi mayso Somalia-Italia''.....

Thursday, June 27, 2013

Ogaysiis: Is-nabadgalyayn iyo Mahadnaq


- Qiyaastii, mudo haatan laga joogo sedex sano iyo laba bilood ayay ahayd markii aan hawada soo galiyay bloggan;"waayeelnews.! Oo danta aan ka lahaa marka hore ay ahayd inaan bal anigu isku-layliyo oo aan waxoogaa aqoon ah ka biirsado Kumbiyuutarka iyo Internetku sida ay u shaqeeyaan. Wax-yar ka dib, markii aan yar Kanaaf baxayse waxaban is-arkay aniga oo is-mahadiyay oo ISKU-TISAY inaan qoraalo yaryar oo aan marmar xarxariiqo iyo wax kasta oo kale oo ku saabsan dalkeena "Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland" soo galiyay Bloggan oo ku soo daabacay!

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, Boggani (bloggan) intii uu jiray waxanu xidhiidho joogto ah oo jaadad badan leh yeelanay akhyaar aad u badan oo Qorayaal iyo Akhristayaal-ba leh! Dhamaantood waan u mahadnaqayaa waxana aan leeyahay Halkan ayaa uu ku joogsaday Hornagii iyo faagii aan sedex sano ka hor soo jeexnay! Nabad-galyo.... "Cali Cumar Xasan.

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Madaxwaynaha J.Somaliland Oo Xukuumadiisii Isku-Shaandheeyay


- Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland Md. Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud (Siilaanyo) ayaa caawa isku shaandheyntii ugu balaadhnayd ku sameeyay Golihiisa Wasiirradda waxaanu xilkii ka qaaday xubno ka mid ah Wasiirradii ugu shishlaa xukuumadiisa. Sidaasna waxa lagu sheegay war-saxaafadeed uu caawa niskii dambe soo saaray Afhayeenka madaxtooyadda Mudane Axmed Saleebaan Dhuxul waxaanay isku shaandheyntaasi u dhignayd sidan:-

Madaxweynaha JSL, Mudane, Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud (Silaanyo) waxa uu digreetooyin uu caawa soo saaray oo sumadeedu tahay JSL/M/XERM/249-1820/062013 uu ku magacaabay wasiiro cusub, wasiiro xilal kale loo bedelay, iyo kuwo xilalkii ay hayeen lag bedelay.

MADAXWEYNUHU:-

Monday, June 24, 2013

Somalis fear Barclays closure of remittance accounts will cut lifeline

MDG : Somalia : Somali money changer '
'Millions of Somalis depend on remittances from the diaspora, but banks are wary about lack of controls over the flow of funds''.Mark Tran

- Somalis have expressed their fear that Barclays's decision to close its accounts with most remittance companies will cut a financial lifeline to millions of people in Somalia. Barclays says it doesn't want to do business with firms that lack adequate controls to monitor where their money is coming from and going to. Academics and Somalis in Somalia and the diaspora have written to Mark Simmonds, a minister in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), asking the UK government to work with British banks to find a durable solution. Remittances that support an estimated 40% of the population of Somalia, about 3.8m people, are at stake, they argue.

Somaliland: Where Sovereignty Means Something


''Sarah Phillips, a Senior Lecturer at Sydney University, is in Somaliland conducting research. She is grateful to the Developmental Leadership Program for funding. ''.

- Even as a political scientist, sovereignty is not something that captures a lot of my attention in the course of a normal day. But when I spend time in Somaliland, it's inescapable, and what it means to be seen – or not seen – as a state by the rest of the world is heatedly debated by people from all walks of life. Somaliland proclaimed its independence from Somalia in 1991 but has never been officially recognised by any state despite exercising a reasonable level of territorial control and internal political legitimacy.

Prof. Axmed Ismaaciil Samatar: Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland Waa Qaran Dalkeeda Iyo Dadkeeduba Midaysan Yahay


-Prof. Axmed Ismaaciil Samatar, ayaa si qoto dheer uga waramay waxyaabihii uu kula kulmay Somaliland intii uu ku sugnaa, ka dib socdaal todobaadyo qaatay oo uu ku gala-bixiyay goboladda waddanka. 

Prof. Axmed Ismaaciil Samatar, ayaa shalay mar kale isa soo hortaagay Boqolaal qof oo isugu jira Ardayda ,Maamulka, Macalimiinta Jaamacadda Hargeysa iyo Masuuliyiin ka socda Golaha Xukuumadda Somaliland, kuwaasoo uu uga waramay aqoon iyo aragti wixii uu uga kordhay dalka oo uu ka maqnaa mudo ku dhaw Afartan sanadood. Kulan balaadhan oo shalay lagu qabtay Hoolka shirarka ee Jaamacadda Hargeysa, ayaa sidoo kale lagu waydiiyay Su’aalo la xidhiidha qorshaha u ku bedelayo halkii uu hore uga taagnaa wax u qabashada dalkiisa, isagoo ka hor intaan su’aalaha la waydiiyay halkaasi ka soo jeediyay, khudbad isugu jirtay Dareen Celin, dardaaran, Dersi iyo kaftan Dul kaxaadis ah oo uu ku ladhay

Aid agencies start projects to feed internal refugees in Somaliland


-  In Ainabo, about 400km from the Somaliland capital Hargeisa, half of the population is comprised of internal refugees displaced by conflict and drought. Hassan Sa’ed, the mayor of Oog, a small town within Ainabo, says the resources in the area have been strained by the influx of the IDPs. “Our main needs are water and pasture,” he said. “But we, the host community, and the IDPs are also in dire need of health and educational facilities, and a means of earning a livelihood.
“We know the government has an obligation to provide for its people,” the mayor added, “but it is weak. Without international recognition, it is hard to predict how long it will take the government to provide basic needs to the citizens.”

Sunday, June 23, 2013

Somaliland: Penticton nurse on medical mission


- Kimberly Law, a graduate nurse from Penticton, will head for Somaliland later this summer where she is volunteering her time and nursing skills  as part of Nurses for Edna, in The Edna Adan Maternity Hospital in Hargeisa, Somaliland
Local residents, well-wishers and supporters can join the Penticton nurse next  Saturday, June 29 at The Barley Brew Mill Pub in Penticton for an evening of fun and music for a great cause. All proceeds will be dontated towards deferring the cost of Law's foray into Somaliland.  Door prizes begin at 5PM, Food (beef, chicken and veggies burgers) at 6PM and live music begins at 8PM.

Saturday, June 22, 2013

How mobile phones are making cash obsolete in Somaliland and Africa



- When he rolls into a gas station to fill his tank, Barkhad Dahir doesn’t get out of his car. He punches a few buttons on his cellphone and within seconds he has paid for the fuel. With the same quick keystrokes on his phone, he pays for virtually everything he needs: groceries at the supermarket, a few oranges from a market stall, a shoeshine on the street, a cup of sweet milky tea from a café, and even, if he wants, an afternoon’s worth of khat, a mild drug favoured by many Somalis.
“Everyone here has his own bank, with easy access and no restrictions,” boasts Mr. Dahir, a local journalist. “Even lying in bed, you can be paying your bills.”

Maxamad Mooge iyo Heestii '' Waa-La-ii -Adimay

Somaliland; Question about the Humdrum Recognition


''If Mogadsiho refuses to recognize us (Somaliland) then this might lead to military confrontation in the long run that would inflict heavy losses on both sides''. Prof. Abdi

- Is recognition a political or legal issue? The answer would be: it is both ways indeed. However, in my view, it is much more political than legal. In this context, the politics we are talking about is foreign policy whereas the law we are talking about is international law. They both interact in a very dynamic way to such an extent that it would often render international law unethical, double-standard and immoral. Some times, you might, as an observer, come up to a conclusion that what we call international law—perse– does not exist, but just mere super power game.

Friday, June 21, 2013

Xulka Gobolka Maroodi-jeex Ayaa Ku Guulaystay Koobkii Ciyaaraha Kubada Cagta Ee J.Somaliland-2013


- Xulka Gobolka Maroodi-jeex (Hargaysa) ayaa galabta (21/06/2013) sanadkii labaad oo xidhiidh ah ku guulaystay tartanka kubadda cagta ee ciyaaraha Goboladda J. Somaliland, ka dib markii ay maanta Gool ku laad ah ay 6-5 kaga badiyeen xulka gobolka Hawd oo ay mar-labaad iskugu soo baxeen ciyaarta kama damabysta. Ciyaartan oo ahayd mid aad u adag isla markaana degan wax gool ah lama kala dhashay 90 daqiiqadood ee ay socotay, ka dibna waxa loo dhigay rikoodheyaal.

Gool-ku-laad (Rigooreyaal) waxay labada xulba dhasheen shantoodii gool ee ugu horeeyay, ka dibna waxa loo dhigay hal hal gool ku laad oo kale.Xulka Gobolka Maroodi-jeex gool ku laadkoodii lixaad way dhashadeen halka xulka gobolka Hawd laga qabtay gool ku laadkoodii lixaad, waxaana sidaasi ku guulaystay xulka Gobolka Maroodijeex, waxaanu koobkani u noqonayaa kii sadexaad ee ay ku guulaystaan. Halkaana waxa ku soo gabagabobay tartankii koobka xulka Gobada ee J.Somaliland ee sanadka 2013-ka.

The Brotherly Relations Between Somaliland and Ethiopia are Unshakable


- The affiliation that exists between Somaliland and Ethiopia is historical and unbreakable, politically, socially and economically. A brave man always knows the way, no matter how intricate the roads. Somaliland will not succumb to any pressure aimed at fracturing the mutual relations of fraternity and neighbourliness. Our destiny is knotted together, and no external force can break this bond of friendship and solidarity. It is at difficult times that you learn your foe from your friend. Ethiopia has offered bases to the Somali National Movement (SNM) during the long and bitter struggle against the brutal regime of Siad Bare; hosted and welcomed our refugees with distinct hospitality at the most difficult times of our history and remained steadfast and reliable partner with shoulder to shoulder support when we were weak and trying to make ends meet. This is necessitated by true collaboration and cooperation and as a result of convergence of interest.

Siyaasiyiin Xukuumada M/wayne Siilaanyo Ugu Baaqay Inay Dhawrto Xoriyatul-Qawlka


- Siyaasiyiin Miisaan culus ku leh bulshadda Somaliland oo kala ah Guddoomiyaha Xisbiga Mucaaridka ah ee UCID Eng Faysal Cali Waraabe, Guddoomiya ku xigeenka 3-aad ee Xisbigaas UCID Mujaahid Cali Guray Wasiirkii hore ee Maaliyadda Eng Maxamed Xaashi Cilmi, Wasiirkii hore ee Warfaafinta Boobe Yuusuf  Ducaale iyo Xildhibaan Bashiir Tukaale oo ka tirsan Mudanayaasha Wakiiladda Somaliland ayaa si adag u naqdiyey dhaqamada xukuumadda Madaxwayne Siilaanyo ee ku taxaluqa dhinaca Xoriyatul-qawlka. Haldoorkaas ayaa Madaxwayne Siilaanyo ugu baaqay inuu Xayiraada xukuumadu saartey Wargeyska Madaxbanaan ee Hubaal uu ka qaaday, kaas oo dhawaan Maxkamada Gobolka Maroodi Jeex ay Xayirtay. Siyaasiyiintan ayaa waxay sidaas ku sheegeen Shirjaraa’id oo ay shalay ku qabteen Magaaladda Hargeysa, isla markaana wax laga xumaado ku tilmaamay qaabka ay Xukuumadda Taladda haysaa ula macaamisho Warbaahinta oo wakhtigii ay mucaaridka ahayd si wayn u barbar istaagay, ugana hiiliyey Xisbigii awooda badnaa ee UDUB ee aakhirkii khilaafka siyaasadeed u burburay.

If recognition was based on security Somaliland would have recognition.

Security agents arrive to secure the United Nations compound following a suicide bomb attack in the capital Mogadishu, June 19, 2013/Photo©Reuters

- Dr. Mohamed Omar, the breakaway state's foreign minister, says that Wednesday's bomb-and-ground-assault by Al Shabaab should prompt the international community to rethink its vision for a united Somalia, while stressing the need to be 'vigilant' of the spread of Islamism across the Horn of Africa. The attack left at least 13 dead including four foreigners.

Wednesday's attack is the latest blow to harmony in Somalia's troubled capital, despite its government receiving recognition by the US and International Monetary Fund last year. Some 18,000 African Union forces are stationed in Mogadishu. But Al Shabaab, a terror group with close ties to Al Qaeda, still controls vast swathes of land around the city, enforcing its strict interpretation of Sharia on millions of Somalis.

Thursday, June 20, 2013

Ururka Talibaan Oo Xafiis Ka Furtay Magaalada Dooxa (Qadar)


- Aqalka cad ee Maraykanka ayaa  Salaasadii (shalay) sheegay in wakiilo Maraykan ah iyo kuwa ka socda Xoogaga Talabaan ay wada hadalo ku yeelan doonaan magaalada Doha ee dalka Qatar  maalmaha inagu soo socda, kulankaasoo ujeedadiisu tahay sidii  xal siyaasadeed loogu  raadin lahaa dagaalka  Afganistaan. Wariyaha VOA ee xarunta gaashaandhigga Maraykanka ee Pantagon Luis Ramirez ayaa warbixin uu soo diray  ku  sheegay in shaacintaasi ay tahay  mid uu  soo dhawaynayo  taliyaha  ciidaamada Mareeyanka iyo kuwa kale ee jooga Afgansitaan General Joseph Dunford.

Haddaba sidee ayay arimahan u arkaan dadka reer Afghanistan? Waraysi ku saabsan arintan hoosta ka dhagayso!

*Dhegta maal;

Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Dhibaatooyinka Shaqo La'idu Keento Iyo Shaxaadka Oo Badbaadiyay Dadka Reer Somaliland- Qaybtii-2aad: Dr Xuseen C/laahi Bulxan


- Dr. Xuseen Cabdilaahi Muxumed (Bulxan) oo ka mid ah aqoonyahanada Somaliland, isla markaana ku takhasusay Xanuunada Maskaxda ku dhaca ayaa si qoto dheer uga hadlay shaqo la’aanta iyo xidhiidhka ka dhexeeya dhibaatyooyinka ku yimaada cilmi nafsiga ama waalida, kaas oo tilmaamay hadii Maskaxda iyo Jidhkuba aan lagu shaqayn oo meel lala fadhiyo ay Maskaxdu dib iskugu noqonayso oo ay badanaa haleelaan mushkilado dhibaato ku ah Cilmi Nafsiga ee ka dhasha Shaqo la’aanta. Dr Bulxan waxa uu sheegay in Somaliland iyo Soomaaliduba ay mushkiladaha shaqo la’aanta kaga baxsadaan shaqo qarsoon oo shaxaad la yidhaa, isla markaana aanay jirin shaqo ka adag shaxaadka. Waxaanu yidhi “Laakiin midbaynu kaga baxsanaa, marka la yidhaa shaqo la’aan 60% ama 75%  Somaliland ama Soomaaliba, halbaynu ka tagnaa waa shaqo qarsoon oo shaqo ah, shaxaad baa la yidhaa, shaxaadku waa shaqo, shaqo ka adagina ma jirto.

Sunday, June 16, 2013

Somaliland: So far from Somalia..

The plane that the air force of Siad Barre used to bomb the city during the civil war —  mounted on a monument. Photo/Fred Oluoch
- Somaliland, on the Gulf of Aden in the Red Sea, is a major contrast to troubled Somalia, its southern neighbour. The people are fiercely protective of their sovereignty even though the international community has not recognised the country as an independent state. Since its breakaway from Somalia following the fall of Siad Barre’s government in 1991, Somaliland with a population of 3.5 million, has created working institutions such as the judiciary, the police, a functioning civil service. The country has maintained peace and has held five successive multiparty elections.
Somaliland’s links with the better-known Somalia are through language and religion, but the culture is different. Somalilanders are trying to balance maintaining their unique identity with borrowing a few things from their southern brothers. For example, while all vehicles are right hand drives, they still drive on the right side of the road like in the south — unusual anywhere in the world. Countries that drive on the left typically have right-hand drive cars, and vice versa.

Somaliland: Facing-Off With The United Nations


- He did certainly listen and learned that Somaliland is not Somalia and in his words he was told by the elected representatives of the Somaliland people and by the Somaliland civil society: “They don’t think one size of UN will fit all”. It seems to me that Mr. Kay didn’t at first get that message correctly, but that same point was repeated and clearly elaborated to him by the President of the Republic of Somaliland, who told him ingenuously that Somaliland is not Somalia and a UNSOM office is neither necessary nor welcome in Somaliland soil – a very bold statement that a Somalia leader doesn’t have the courage to make in million years, even when the Lower Juba, a whole region of his country is fully and illegally occupied and is in the process of being annexed by Kenya. But so-called Somalia leaders are mirthfully quick to claim Somaliland territory.

Saturday, June 15, 2013

Shaqo La’ida Iyo Dhibta Ka Timaada! Iyo Sababta Soomaalidu Uga Badbaadeen


- Dr. Xuseen Cabdilaahi Muxumed (Bulxan) oo ka mid ah aqoonyahanada Somaliland ayaa si qoto dheer uga hadlay shaqo la’aanta iyo xidhiidhka ka dhexeeya dhibaatyooyinka ku yimaada cilmi nafsiga ama waalida, kaas oo tilmaamay hadii Maskaxda iyo Jidhkuba aan lagu shaqayn oo meel lala fadhiyo in ay dib iskugu noqonayso oo ay badanaa haleeesho mushkilado dhibaato ku ah Cilmi Nafsiga.

 “Inta aynaan shaqo la’aan ka hadlin shaqo Maxay tahay (What is Employment?), inta badan marka shaqo laga hadlaayo waxa laga fikiraa uun maxaa midho la soo saarayaa, Maxaanu cunaa weeyi, lakaiin way ka badan tahay shaqadu midhahaa la soo saarayo, waxa ku jira waxyaabo farabadan oo soo baxa marka aanay shaqo jirin. Dabcan marka uu qofku shaqeeyo uu midho saar yeesho oo midho soo baxaan, dee taasi waa muhiim oo waa la wada ogyahay, qofka uun maahee Caruurtiisii, Xaaskiisii, wixii uu ku xidhnaayoo dhan, kalgacaylbay muujinaysaa, iyo xidhiidh uu dadka la leeyahay, qofka shaqsiyadiisa iyo qiimihiisu wuxuu soo baxayaa dhaqdhaqaaqaa iyo xarakaadkaa uu samaynayo. 

Friday, June 14, 2013

J.Somaliland Oo Diiday Inay UN-tu Xafiis Dalka Ka Furato *Dhegta-maal

Nicholas Kay
- Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland ayaa sheegtay in xafiiska siyaasadda UNSOM aanu ka shaqeyn karin Somaliland. Madaxda Somalilad ayaa sheegay in xafiiskan mandate-kiisu yahay taageerista Somalia, J. Somaliland ay tahay "Dal" ka madax bannaan Somalia. Go'aankan ayaa lagaga dhawaaqay kulan Khamiistii shalay Hargaysa ku dhexmaray wakiilka gaarka ah ee XGQM, Nicholas Kay iyo xukuumada J. Somaliland  ee Md. Axmed Siilaanyo. Wasiirka arrimaha dibedda Somaliland Dr. Maxamed C/laah Cumar ayaa sheegay in xafiiska siyaasada ee UNSOM uu yahay mid loogu adeegayo Somalia, sidaasi darteedna J. Somaliland aan wax dan ahi ugu jirin. Wasiirku waxa uu intaa ku daray in Somaliland ay diyaar u tahay in ay UN-ka kala shaqeyso mashaariicda bini'aadanimo iyo dhinacyada horumarinta ah, waxayna ka codsadeen UN-ka inuu kordhiyo mashaariicdaasi.

*Dhegta-maal;

Thursday, June 13, 2013

Somaliland Oo Dalka Ka Mamnuucday Wakiilka UN-ta Iyo Waliba...


- Jamhuuriyada Somaliland ayaa ku gacan saydhay inay wax wada shaqayn ah la yeelato Xafiiska Siyaasada ee Qaramada Midoobay ee UMSOM, ka dib kulan arintaasi ay kaga wada hadleen madaxweynaha Somaliland Axmed maxamed Maxamuud (Siilaanyo) iyo Ergayga Qaramada Midoobay ee Somaliya Nicholas Kay. Kulankan oo Caawa ka dhacay Qasriga madaxtooyada Somaliland, dhex marayna Madaxweynaha oo ay weheliyaan xubno ka mid ah golihisa Wasiiradda iyo Ergayga UN- ka oo ay la socdaan Saraakiil ka tirsan Xafiiskiisa, ayaa intii uu socday Warbaahintu dibada ka joogtay , hase ahaatee markii uu dhamaaday waxa Warbaahinta uga waramay wasiirka arrimaha dibada Dr. Maxamed Cabdillaahi Cumar. Wasiirka arrimaha dibada Somaliland waxa uu si toos ah u sheegay inay Ergayga u cadeeyeen inaan Xukuumadda Somaliland wax wada shaqayn ah la yeelaynayn xafiiska siyaasaddda Q.M, ee Somaliya, balse ay kala sii shaqaynayso Mashaariicda Horumarinta. 

Somaliland: My Work is Not Done


- In December 2012, I had the honor of voluntarily traveling to the Edna Adan University Hospital Somaliland for two weeks to learn, understand, educate and care for women who had been subjected to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Additionally, my desire was to also use my skills as a nurse in any way that I could.
Prior to my trip to Somaliland, and even after my return to the U.S., my colleagues and friends would ask me why I chose to go there. My answer was that while I was doing research about FGM for my doctorate, I came across the hospital's website. After reading the website in detail, and viewing all of the online video clips about Edna that I could find, I felt the pull at my heart to go there and help. I was so intrigued by Edna, her passion for the people of Somaliland and her desire to eradicate FGM, that I knew I had to meet her.

Why Somalilanders are Wary of Political Arrangement with Somalia


'If Somaliland is to make a political arrangement with Mogadishu, she will be swallowed by the deep black hole in the south: the problems that afflict Somalia will move into the country, development activities will cease...'' Adan H Iman

- Despite pressure from the UN and some western countries, the elected leadership of Somaliland articulated a nuanced approach towards Somalia based on the fact that the two countries have two different political identities but share the same language, religion and culture- no negotiation on issues involving any political arrangement between the two countries but a desire to strengthen bilateral trade and cooperation on other areas of mutual interest such as fighting piracy and terrorism.

Tuesday, June 11, 2013

Somaliland's 2012 Local Election: '''Swerves on the road

Woman campaigning ahead of local elections in November 2012
- In November 2012 Somaliland took another step along its democratic journey by holding district and council elections again. This path is rarely straight-forward as the report by the International Election Observer (IEO) mission, released today, highlights. The report launch, taking place at University College London, is accompanied by a panel discussion and photo exhibition by Kate Stanworth who accompanied the IEOs.
At the invitation of Somaliland’s National Electoral Commission Progressio and the Development Planning Unit of University College London led a team of 50 International Election Observers (IEO), following previous observer missions in 2002, 2005 and 2010.

Press Release: Final Report On Somaliland’s 2012 Local Elections


- International election observation mission to Somaliland’s local council elections, assembled by Progressio, University College London and Somaliland Focus (UK), launches final report highlighting the “swerves on the road” as Somaliland continues to drive its developing democracy forward 
Six months on, the public release of the mission report notes that once again, Somalilanders displayed their dedication to the unique democratic spirit they have crafted from their challenging history. In particular, there was real progress in inclusion of youth and women: the election of 10 female candidates represents a huge step forward. Yet concerns expressed immediately following polling day—especially over observers’ reports of widespread attempts at multiple and underage voting—remain real.
                                        Current press releases