Despite this, through my work as the director of the Platform for Islamic Organizations Rijnmond (SPIOR) – the Netherlands’ only local Muslim umbrella organization, comprised of mosques and grassroots Muslim organizations around Rotterdam – I am optimistic about the impact of a number of people looking for positive connections and common ground. As was the case in the West, the events of 9/11 were a turning point for Muslims in the Netherlands. People who before 9/11 were considered guest laborers, migrants or ethnic minorities were suddenly identified as Muslims.
There is no such thing as a monolithic Muslim Dutch community, however. Muslims in the Netherlands constitute many diverse communities and are not organized under any specific religious institution. Of the Netherlands’ roughly 16 million inhabitants, an estimated 900,000 are Muslim, with roots in Indonesia, Surinam, Turkey, Morocco and more recently Bosnia, Somalia, Afghanistan and Iraq, among others. Social problems like a lack of fluency in Dutch, large numbers of school dropouts, high unemployment and crime rates are still often associated with “Muslims.” Because these issues are connected to a mostly Muslim demographic, many Dutch people see them as intrinsic to Islam and believe being Dutch and Muslim can’t go hand in hand.
To show that Dutch and Muslim identity can go together, SPIOR tackles three issues – the disconnect between Muslims and non-Muslims, perceptions of Islam and real problems within communities. We bring people together who do not usually meet, Muslims and non-Muslims, to talk about shared community concerns. Conversations can center on the need for clean streets, children’s education or caring for elderly relatives. They do not need to address religion, and most times they do not. We focus on shared problems, promoting understanding for differences and finding shared solutions.
Another part of our mission is working on current problems within Muslim communities. Although they do not occur exclusively within those communities and are not caused by Islam, we think it is important to be self-critical. For example, we cannot emphasize that Islam supports women’s rights, if in reality some Muslim girls are still being forced to marry.
When it comes to tackling these issues, we use an Islamic perspective to stress the core message. For instance, forced marriages are clearly forbidden in Islam. We have been working on this issue for over eight years through our campaign “Joining hands against Forced Marriages.” Of the reports received each year on family violence and conflict by the Domestic Violence Support Unit in the Municipal Health Department in Rijnmond (the area around Rotterdam), about 50 are reports of forced marriages or conflicts related to partner choice.
Through this campaign, we point out that this problem affects both young men and women. We bring together hundreds of young people, parents, imams and religious scholars so that they can understand Islamic teachings on this issue – which we have found is an effective way to change individuals’ mindsets. We also emphasize that Dutch law and international human rights law support choice in marriage.
Trust is essential in this work and is our main resource. By building on our relationships with Muslim organizations, we are able to engage many more people. We also demonstrate that core values many Dutch people hold – equality between men and women, regard for women’s rights, personal autonomy and free choice – are also a part of Islamic tradition.
Through such campaigns, we show Muslims and non-Muslims alike that being Muslim and being Dutch can go hand in hand very well.
By Marianne Vorthoren (The Daily Star)
(Marianne Vorthoren is director of the Platform for Islamic Organizations Rijnmond, a regional umbrella organization of more than 60 mosques and grassroots Muslim organizations, in Rotterdam)